When it comes to downloading software, then most of us find most of the free Softwares on the internet. While doing so, we also go to many Free Software miles, but do you know that most of these free software is open source software so that we get it quickly for Free Download.
Now you may be wondering if anybody will give up their software for free download because they do not charge money for it etc. If such questions are being raised in your mind, then you should read this article open source software and how it works. Here you will find lots of information related to Open Source Softwares.
By the way, these are open source software commonly free software which you can use in your work. Open source developers knowingly create these, where they make their source code publicly available so that other people can benefit from it.
These publish them with an open source license – which means other developers can also view your code and add some to them. For example, Open Office, Mozilla Firefox, Wikipedia, the GNU / Linux operating system and its derivative Android, an operating system that is used in mobile devices.
If you want to know more about open source software, then you will have to read this article in full. I hope you have a lot of knowledge in the end.
What is open source software?
Open source software (OSS) is called software whose source code is completely viewable and changeable by public. If you say so, it is open. Even when the source code is not viewable and is not publicly by the public, then such software is called closed or proprietary software.
Note Source code is a behind-the-scenes programming part called a software that users can not usually see. All the instructions and instructions are taken into the source code of how the software works and how all the software functions work. Source Code is accessible only to developers.
Who is the father of open source software?
The father of Open Source Softwares or Free Softwares is called Richard Stallman. That’s because they were the first to develop free software in 1984.
These free software can be easily made changes and modifications based on users’ preference. Users have freedom so that they can modify, change, and even share their source code. But all these things happen under a license agreement for a user or a specific organisation.
Open source software list
Here you will find all popular open source operating system lists as well as examples of full open source software. [ source ]
|MinGW||Mozilla Firefox||Mozilla Thunderbird|
|SpamAssassin||Subversion||Sugar on a Stick|
Characteristics of Open Source Software
There are some features of these free software which are very important to know.
Distribution can be freely done. Its source code is completely accessible, anyone can modify the source code as well, and these modifications can also be distributed to others.
This open source software is mostly evolve based on the support community and the development strategy they have adopted. In turn, they help in improving the quality of software, and the active participation of these communities is also very encouraged.
The companies that used to promote proprietary software are now adopting these open source software as they have so many features due to their having so many features. For example, the UNIX kernel is used in most open source projects.
Meaning of Open Source Software
Open source software (OSS) is a software that is distributed with source code, which any user can read or modify.
OSS community generally agree that open-source software that follows these following criteria:
- This program can be freely distributed.
- Source code is included in the program.
- Anyone should be able to modify its source code.
- Modified versions of source code also need to be redistribute
At the same time, an open-source software license should not interfere in the operation of another software.
Where traditional software is distributed, in an unchangeable compiled format, they are delivered to open-source software both compiled and non-compiled formats, from which it is available for open code modification.
Under the same traditional software licenses, these privileges are only reserved for copyright holders.
How does open source software work?
When viewed from a business user perspective, open source software works much like a proprietary software system, which is provided by commercial software companies.
The most significant difference in this is that you do not usually have to pay anything in it. There are some other differences in this – such as users who use this open source software are effectively co-developers, they are also suggesting new ways, to improve them and to get rid of bugs Also help.
This means that if you want, you can also modify it according to your needs, you can also port them in another operating system and share it with others.
What is the difference between open source software and other types of software?
In some software, the source code is controlled only by some people, team or organisation which they have created, and they also maintain their exclusive control – they can modify them. Such type of software is called ” proprietary ” or ” closed source ” software.
Only the original developers of this proprietary software can legally copy, inspect, and modify this software. To use this proprietary software, computer users have to agree to its rules and regulations (usually they appear during the installation of software when you run it for the first time), only users with it You can do as much as the software creators are permitting them. For example, Microsoft Office and Adobe Photoshop are such proprietary software.
The same open source software is very different. Their authors provide their source code for all so that anyone can view them, copy them, modify them accordingly. For example, LibreOffice and GNU Image Manipulation Program are similar open source software.
Is open source software only crucial for computer programmers?
It does not have a direct answer. Open source technology and open source thinking are beneficial for both programmers and non-programmers.
Since most previous open source technologies have been used in creating the first inventors of the Internet – such as the Linux Operating System and the Apache Web server application – therefore any user who is using the Internet is using these open source software only. Having been for your benefit
Whenever a user sees web pages in his computer, checks email, chats with his friends, streams music online, or plays multiplayer video games, then in his computers, mobile phones, or gaming consoles He connects with computers of a global network, then he is unknowingly using the correct source but open source software to route and transmit data to his “local” devices .
It clears the fact that not only programmers are using Open Source software but also all other people. They are Mehjood all around us, and we are unknowingly using it.
What are the licenses of open source software?
However, many of these licenses are used in these open-source projects, depending on which developers are most preferred for their programs.
The GPL, or the GNU, is most commonly used in many open-source projects, such as Linux. With the definition of open-source described above, in the words of GPL, it is clear that if someone modifies an open-source program and distributes a derivative work together, The source code also has to be distributed.
Understand it in a simple language, then any person takes any open-source code, using it and creating a closed-source program – then they have to return the community after releasing that modified version. Otherwise, it can not be penalised for it.
There are some other licenses like BSD license, which put fewer restrictions on the developers. If one of the programs comes under the BSD license, then he can produce the source code of any open source program, according to his software. There is no need for him to release this modified version. Developers are more beloved to these licenses because this gives them time away.
Why do people prefer using open source software?
Most people prefer open source software as compared to proprietary software because there are so many reasons for which we will be looking forward to:
Compared to proprietary software, people have more control over these open source software. Here, they can examine the code themselves, they can also make the modifications needed by them accordingly. Non-programmers can also use them according to their own accord.
Other people who like them are because they can be used to become better programmers. Because their source codes are publicly accessible, students can scan them and learn a lot from them and create better software.
Students can also share their modified work with others so that they can know their point of view so that they can enhance their development skills.
Some people like this software because they feel more secure than in proprietary software. It keeps updating from time to time where its errors are published properly. That’s why they like them more.
Most users prefer to use this software for their significant long-term projects. That’s because they do not need to worry about their software’s source code.
Because in case of proprietary software if the original creator has ever stopped working, then they may have a lot of trouble for this in the future. So open source software works both to incorporate and operate according to the open standards.
Does “open source” mean just free of charge?
The answer is not at all. This is a widespread misconception about ” open source “, here it is not just money.
Open source software programmers can also charge money for these open source software for whom they have created or have contributed to it.
But in most cases, to get an open source license, they have to release their source code in a lot of places when they think of selling it. At the same time, some programmers feel that they can get more money for their software services and support, not just software. So they mostly free up their software, they help people troubleshoot their problems.
Benefits of Open Source Software
So let’s know about the benefits of Open Source Softwares.
OSS allows programmers to collaborate so that they can improve the software. For which he fixes the stuttering errors in that which are in the code (bug fixes), as well as update the software so that they can work in new technology. Apart from this, he also helps in developing new features in it.
With this group collaboration approach, new open-source projects also come very quickly in these open source projects and are released very often.
This software is much more stable so that more programmers can detect errors, and its security updates can be better implemented, compared to other proprietary software programs.
OSS is often free. But in some cases, you have to pay an extra cost pay for technical support and some of these services.
Benefits of Open Source Software
Let’s know about the advantages of Open Source Software.
1. These are usually free – it is estimated that these open source software collectively save those businesses whose value is approximately $ 60 billion a year. In the present time, you can easily find one of its open source versions in place of each paid proprietary software system.
2. These are constantly evolved in real time because developers add a lot of things to it and modify it, which means that they are of much better quality and are also more secure so that they have bugs The possibilities are very low compared to proprietary systems.
3. Using these open source software also indicates that you are not restricted to using any particular vendor system that only works in their own devices.
4. You can also modify and adapt this software according to your requirements, which may not be possible with proprietary systems.
Loss of Open Source Software
Now let us know about the Disadvantages of Open Source Software.
1. Since there is no requirement in it, to create a commercial product from which money can be generated, open source software develops accordingly, according to the needs of users, not according to their needs.
2. This is because they are very ” user-friendly ” because it is not given much importance in its user interface.
3. It often is not equal to support. If there is a problem, then you have to rely on their forum and community to get the solution to that problem. Which may be a bit irritating.
4. By the way, these open source software is mostly free in itself, but some of these indirect costs are also involved, such as you may have to pay for external support.
5. Due to being an Open System, many people are involved in this, which help a lot in finding bugs. Some people can also misuse the software’s vulnerabilities (weakness).
6. Since open source software is not very user-friendly, you must have some very technical knowledge to understand and use them properly. Otherwise, you may also have to rely on others for basic functionalities.
I hope you like this article on my open source software (What is Open Source Software). My always efforts are to keep readers informed about the open source software list so that they do not need to find any other sites or internet in that context. This will also save their time and will get all the information in one place.
If you have any doubts about this article in your mind or you want some improvement in it, then you can write down comments for it.